Monday, March 26, 2012

141 - Rohingya of Myanmar (Burma)

Rohingya of Myanmar (Burma)

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Rohingya of Myanmar (Burma).
Population Language Religion % Christian % Evangelical Audio NT Jesus Film Progress
879,000 Rohingya Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % Not available Not available 1.1  

Rohingya of Myanmar (Burma)

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Introduction / History
In historical perspective Arakan is more a frontier province of Eastern India than a province of Burma (now Myanmar). From the very early days till the arrival of the Mongolians and Tibeto-Burmans in the 10th century, Arakan was an Indian land with a population similar to Bengal, belonging to Aryan stock. The spread of Islam in Arakan during those early times and the impact of Islamic civilization on Arakan particularly after Bengal became Muslim in 1203 A.D is well known.

According to history, Islam reached Arakan in the late 8th century AD and attracted the local people to come to Islam en masse. Since then Islam played an important role towards the advancement of civilization in Arakan. From 1430 to 1638, for more than two hundred years Arakan was ruled by the Muslims. The system of government (Muslim Sultanates) was common in those days. It was an independent Muslim kingdom in the 14th and 15th centuries.
Where are they located?
Arakan, once a sovereign and independent state, is now one of the states of the Union of Burma (now Myanmar). The Arakan State comprises a strip of land along the eastern coast of the Bay of Bengal from the Naf River to Cape Negaris, and stretches north and south touching Bangladesh on the northwest. The river Naf separates it from Chittagong region of Bangladesh. It is cut off from Burma by a range of nearly impassable mountains known as Arakan Yomas running north to south, which was an obstacle against permanent Muslim conquest. The northern part of Arakan, today called the "North Arakan", was a point of contact with East Bengal. These geographical facts explain the separate historical development of that area both generally and in terms of its Muslim population until the Burmese king Bodaw Paya conquered it in 1784 AD. Under different periods of history Arakan had been an independent sovereign monarchy ruled by Hindus, Buddhists and Muslims.

Arakan is blessed with geographical diversity. These are high mountains in the far north, lush green forest in the east with many kinds of flora and fauna, giant rivers, large natural waterfalls, a long coast line with unspoiled beaches and archipelagos and the majestic Bay of Bengal in the west. It is bounded in the Northwest by Bangladesh with maritime and land boundary and in the north by Chin Hills and India.
What are their lives like?
Most of the elderly Rohingya grow beards and the women wear hijab. All Rohingya houses are surrounded by high bamboo walls. There is still in existence of a social bond in every village called "Samaj". All social welfare activities like Adhahi meat distribution, helping the poor, widows, orphans and needy, marriage and funereal functions are done collectively by the Samaj. The Ulema play a very prominent role particularly in matters relating to personal laws, like family affairs of the Rohingyas. Unfortunately, today the cultural problem becomes one of the most important problems of the Rohingyas in Burma. The Muslims have to encounter strong pressure of the Buddhist culture. Particularly the Rohingyas have to confront ideological assault from all directions. The Rohingyas are considered practicing the foreign way of life having no origin in Burma. According to the ruling military the Rohingyas are to adopt and entertain no ideas but those of Burmese race and culture and Buddhism.
What are their beliefs?
Rohingyas are staunch followers of Islam. There are mosques and Madrassahs (religious schools) in every quarter and village. The men pray in congregation, whereas the female pray at home.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-09-18
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-06
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Country: Myanmar (Burma)
Continent: Asia
Region: Southeast Asia
Persecution Rank:33 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Rakhine state
(Source: Ethnologue 2010)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Peoples [6]
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People Name in Country: Rohingya
People Name General: Rohingya
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 102170
Joshua Project People ID: 11359
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 879,000
Population all Countries: 1,046,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Bengali
People Name General: Rohingya
Ethnic Code: CNN25b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Rohingya (879,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): rhg    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [2]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Religion Sub-division:Sunni
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 %
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 %
Hinduism0.00 %
Islam100.00 %
Non-Religious0.00 %
Other / Small0.00 %
Unknown0.00 %
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [3]
Progress Scale[4] 1.1   Few, if any, known Evangelicals. Professing Christian <=5%
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years

Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [5]
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Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Film / VideoJesus Film, versions available
Video Resources [5]
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None Reported
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
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Rohingya of Myanmar (Burma)


Global Global

Affinity Bloc Global

People Cluster
Bengali Southeast Asia

Rohingya Myanmar (Burma)

People-by-Country (Profile)
Rohingya of Myanmar (Burma)

Religion Language
Islam Rohingya

All Religions


* Notes:
  1. Significant effort is made to match photos with people groups. In most cases those providing the photo have identified the people group. However, in some instances when the exact people group is not identified Joshua Project has made educated attempts at matching. As a result some photos may be representative of the people cluster rather than the specific people group. If you believe a photo is not matched with the correct people group, please contact us.
  2. Certain percentages display as '0.00%' because of space limitations, but some may be slightly greater than zero. The exactness of numbers presented here can be misleading. Numbers can vary by several percentage points or more.
  3. Discrepancies may exist between "Progress Indicators" because of the varying sources of information. Joshua Project does not have specific ministry activity data supporting each of the "Progress Indicators."
  4. The Joshua Project Progress Scale is an approximation of church planting progress based on all progress indicators available. For a fuller explanation, click here. If you have additional information, please contact us.
  5. These are links to external sites not managed or controlled by Joshua Project. A link to an external page does not necessarily imply that Joshua Project a) endorses the organization(s) or person(s) providing them, b) agrees with the ideas expressed or c) attests to the correctness, factuality, appropriateness, or legality of the contents.
  6. As on-site realities are understood, barriers of acceptance may be found in many of the larger people groups that will require multiple distinct church-planting efforts.
  7. This data may contain errors and needs continual correcting and updating. To send feedback, please contact us.

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